Looking for a different and efficient way to heat and cool your home? Consider installing a heat pump. Heat pumps are unique in that they can do the work of both a furnace and an air conditioner. With a heat pump system, there is no need to install separate heating and cooling systems. Simply put, a heat pump can efficiently pump heat either into your home or out of your home.
The basic function of a heat pump is to transfer heat through a mechanical pump. Heat pumps are used in various cooling appliances like air conditioners, freezers and refrigerators. The purpose of the mechanical pump is to compress and decompress coolant gasses and to take air from a lower temperature to a higher one. Heat pumps work very efficiently because they simply transfer heat from one location to another.
In areas like New York, heat pumps offer an energy-efficient alternative to furnaces and air conditioners. During the fall and winter seasons, heat pumps transfer available heat from the cool outdoors into your warm house. During the spring and summer, heat pumps transfer heat from your house to the outdoors. Because heat pumps move heat rather than generate heat at the source, they can provide up to four times the amount of heating and cooling from the energy that they consume.
Compared to heating with electricity, a heat pump or a split residential heat pump can cut your power usage by up to one-third. If you are using oil or gas, the fuel savings are less but still significant. If you have fossil fuel as a supplementary source you can have the best of both worlds: the raw output of the fossil fuel, at low outdoor temperatures, with the efficiency of the heat pump during the more common, milder weather that we experience in this region most of the year.
It is important to choose the right heat pump and to have it installed properly. The house structure too needs to be taken into consideration, as each home will have different requirements for a heat pump. Before installation, the structure and existing efficiency the house needs to be factored in.
Moving from central air conditioning only to a system with additional heat pump capability makes a lot of sense. In a retrofit situation, minor modifications may be required that will improve the comfort level if the distribution system was originally designed for just air conditioning. Modified systems can dehumidify and can be built to also clean the air and add humidity.
Regular maintenance is needed to keep your system running properly, as neglect will over time reduce a heat pump’s efficiency.